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The Interpretation of Fairy Tales von Franz, Marie-Louise (1996). The Interpretation of Fairy Tales. Revised Edition. Shambhala, Boulder CO. Theories of fairy tales We study fairy tales because they give us the clearest picture of the workings of the collective unconscious, untainted as dreams are by personal material, untained as myths are by cultural material. Fairy tales all describe, from different vantage points, the workings of the Self. Fairy tales began to be studied in the eighteenth century, and a variety of schools of thought have emerged.

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Nongbri, Brent (2013). Before Religion: A History of a Modern Concept. Yale Unviersity Press, New Haven CT. Introduction Scholars and laymen typically think that there is an universal domain of human life called religion, which is concerned with private spiritual matters and which is separate from other domains, such as politics, law, economics, science, etc. However, no premodern society had an analogous concept. In fact, religion as a concept only emerges alongside the concept of secularism, which it requires as a foil.

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Is a Western Confucianism possible, even in principle? The answer rests on whether or not Confucianism is a Chinese tradition in its essence. If so, it cannot be torn from its cultural and historical context any more than one can tear a plant from the earth and expect it to keep growing on a concrete floor. Shinto comes to mind as a tradition which simply makes no sense outside of a Japanese context.

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