Old English Vocabulary: Your First 700 Words

This is a list of approximately 700 of the most common or useful Old English words, given in normalized Early West Saxon forms. The goal of this list is to provide you with a relatively small core vocabulary to study so that you can move on to reading texts quickly. I recommend you use a spaced repetition system such as Anki to familiarize yourself with these words as quickly as possible. You do not need to be able to go from Present-Day English to Old English (at first, anyway) – just concentrate on being able to recognize the meanings of the Old English words. When you get to original texts, you will find them much less painful to read if you know these 500 words already. You'll cut your trips to the dictionary in half!

My eventual goal is to use this list to produce more graded reader-style Old English material which assumes you know this core vocabulary.

Abbreviations

Some abbreviations worth knowing:

  • PoS: Part of Speech
  • Decl/Conj: Declension class (for nouns) / Conjugation class (for verbs)
  • 1: 1st declension nouns, i.e. masculine a-stem nouns, e.g. stān.
  • 2: 2nd declension nouns, i.e. neuter a-stem nouns, e.g. sċip.
  • 3: 3rd declension nouns, i.e. feminine ō-stem nouns, e.g. ġiefu.
  • 4: 4th declension nouns, i.e. weak nouns, e.g. nama.
  • 5: 5th declension nouns, i.e. u-stem nouns, e.g. sunu.
  • 6: 6th declension nouns, i.e. consonant-stem nouns, e.g. mann.
  • w1, 2, 3: 1st, 2nd, 3rd conjugation weak verbs.
  • s1, 2, 3...: 1st, 2nd, 3rd... conjugation strong verbs.

Changelog

This is version 0.2 of this list. On the roadmap:

  • Divide the list into different grades based on frequency.
  • Add quotations to show usage
  • Add cognates to help learning.
  • Add inflected forms, where they are very different from the dictionary form.
  • Add major spelling/dialect variants.
  • Correct the inevitable errors.
  • Find better ways to display them than a table.

v0.2 (2022-02-26)

  • Break out gender from part of speech.
  • Add conjugation/declension class.
  • Make separate entries for each part of speech a word is used as.
  • Add entries for the 3rd person singular and plural present tense inflected forms of common storytelling verbs.
  • Add entries for all forms of the demonstrative sē/þæt/sēo.
  • Correct a few spelling errors (mostly missing palatal diacritics).

v0.1 (2021-11-19)

  • First edition of the list.

The list

Word PoS Gender Decl/Conj Meaning
ā adv. always, forever
ābūtan adv. about, around
ac conj. but, however
ācennan v. w1 produce, bring forth, give birth to
ācwellan v. w1 kill
ādl n. f. 3 sickness, disease
ǣ n. f. indecl. law
æcer n. m. 1 cultivated field
ǣfæst adj. pious
ǣfen n. m. 1 evening
ǣfre adv. ever, forever, always
æfter prep. after
æfterfylġan v. w1 follow
ǣġhwā pron. everyone, everything
ǣġhwǣr adv. everywhere
ǣġhwæþer pron. each (of two)
ǣht n. f. 3 possession, property; power
ǣl n. m. 1 eel
ǣlċ adj. every, each
ǣlċ pron. every one, each one
ælmihtiġ adj. all-powerful
ǣmettiġ adj. empty
ǣniġ adj. any
ǣniġ pron. any one
ǣr adv. before, previously
ǣr þām (þe) conj. before
ǣrende n. n. 2 message; errand
ǣrest adj. first
ærnan v. w1 run
æsċ n. m. 1 ash-tree; spear
ǣstel n. m. 1 tablet
æt prep. at
ætgædere adv. together
ætīewan v. w1 appear; show
ætsomne adv. together
æþele adj. noble
æþeling n. m. 1 prince
æþelu n. f./n. 5 nobility; origin, descent
āgan v. pp possess, own
āgen adj. own
āhebban v. s6 raise, lift
āhwǣr adv. anywhere, everywhere
āleċġan v. w1 lay, put; set aside
ālīefan v. w1 allow
āmierran v. w1 hinder; distract; destroy
ān num. one
and conj. and
anda n. m. 4 envy; hatred
andġit n. n. 2 intelligence; meaning; sense
andsaca n. m. 4 enemy
andswarian v. w2 answer
andweard adj. present
andwlita n. m. 4 appearance; face
andwyrdan v. w1 answer
ānfeald adj. simple; sole, single
angel n. m. 1 hook
angelcynn n. n. 2 the English people
anġinn n. n. 2 beginning
anlīcnes n. f. 3 likeness; image
ānrǣd adj. unanimous; resolute, persevering
ānweald n. m. 1 sole power, dominion
ānwealda n. m. 4 ruler, sovereign
ār n. f. 3 honour, glory
ār oar
ār n. 2 copper; brass
āriht adv. properly
ārīsan v. s1 arise
ārlēas adj. disgraceful, dishonourable
ārlīċe adv. honourably
arod adj. quick; prepared
ārweorþ adj. honourable
āscian v. w2 ask (a question)
āseċġan v. w3 say; tell
āstyrian v. w1 remove; move, disturb
atelīċ adj. terrible, dreadful
ātēon v. s2 draw out, lead out; deal with
āttor n. n. 2 poison, venom
āwiht n. n. 2 anything
āwrītan v. s1 write
āþ n. m. 1 oath
bæc n. n. 2 back
bæcere n. m. 1 baker
bærnan v. w1 burn
bæþ n. n. 2 bath
bān n. n. 2 bone
bār n. m. 1 boar
bāt n. m./f. 1/3 boat
baþian v. w2 bathe
be prep. by, near; about; according to
bēacn n. n. 2 sign; beacon
bēag n. m. 1 ring, bracelet, armband
bealdlīċe adv. boldly
bēam n. m. 1 tree; beam of wood, gallows, cross
bearm n. m. 1 bosom, lap
bearn n. n. 2 child
bearu n. m. 1w grove
bebēodan v. s2 command
becuman v. s4 arrive at, reach; happen, occur
bedǣlan v. w1 deprive
bēġen adj. both
bēġen pron. both
beġeondan prep. beyond
beġietan v. s5 get
beġinnan v. s3 begin
begnornian v. w2 lament
behēafdian v. w2 behead
behrēowsian v. w2 repent, make amends
benċ n. f. 3 bench
bēodan, (ġe-) v. s2 offer; proclaim
bēon v. irreg. be
beorg n. m. 1 mountain; hill, mound
beorgan v. s3 save; guard, protect
beorht adj. bright
bēot n. n. 2 threat; vow, boast
beran, (ġe-) v. s4 carry, bear; wear; sustain; give birth to
berstan v. s3 break, burst
beswīcan v. s1 deceive, trick; cheat
bet adv. better
betwēonum prep. between
betwēox prep. between
bewindan v. encircle; wrap in/with
bīdan, (ġe-) v. s1 wait (for); experience
biddan v. s5 ask for, beg
bifian v. w2 tremble
bigang n. m. 1 course, way; worship; undertaking, business
bindan, (ġe-) v. s3 bind
bisċop n. m. 1 bishop
bisiġ adj. busy
bisiġu n. f. 3 business, occupation
bismer n. n. 2 mockery, blasphemy
bītan v. s1 bite
blāc adj. pale
blæc adj. black
blǣd n. m. 1 splendour, glory, fame
blāwan v. s7 blow
blētsian v. w2 bless, consecrate
bliss n. f. 3 bliss
blōd n. n. 2 blood
bōc n. f. 6 book
bodian v. w2 announce; preach; foretell
bolster n. m. 1 pillow
bord n. n. 2 board; shelf
brād adj. 1 broad
brecan, (ġe-) v. s4 break
breġdan, (ġe-) v. s3 pull, draw; shake
bringan, (ġe-) v. wi bring
brōga n. m. 4 terror; danger
brōþor n. m. irreg brother
brūcan v. s2 use; enjoy; benefit from
brūn adj. brown; dark; red
bryċġ n. f. 3 bridge
būan v. w1 dwell, inhabit
būgan, (ġe-) v. s2 turn aside; bow; bend
burɡ n. f. 6 city, town; castle
būtan adv. merely, only, just (NPI)
būtan conj. unless
būtan prep. without; except, besides
byrġan v. w1 bury
byrne n. f. 4 coat of mail
cāsere n. m. 1 emperor
ċeald adj. cold
ċēapian, (ġe-) v. w2 buy
ċeaster n. f. 3 city, town
cempa n. m. 4 soldier, warrior
ċeorl n. m. 1 peasant; freeman
ċicen n. n. 2 chicken
ċīese n. m. 1 cheese
ċiriċe n. f. 4 church
clipian v. w2 call, call out
clyppan v. w1 hug; cherish
cniht n. m. 1 boy; servant
cræft n. m. 1 skill; virtue
cringan v. s3 fall in battle
cuman v. s4 come
cunnan v. pp know; can
cunnian v. w2 find out
cwellan v. w1 kill
cwēn n. f. 3 queen; woman
cweþan, (ġe-) v. s5 say, speak
cwic adj. alive; intelligent
cyning n. m. 1 king
cynn n. n. 2 kind; family; nation
cȳþan, (ġe-) v. w1 reveal; proclaim, announce
dǣd n. f. 3 deed
dæġ n. m. 1 day
dǣl n. f. 3 part
dǣlan, (ġe-) v. w1 divide; share
dēad adj. dead
dēagol adj. secret, hidden
dēaþ n. m. 1 death
dēma n. m. 4 judge
Dene n. mpl. 1i Danes
dēofol n. m./n. 1/2 devil
dēop adj. deep
dēor n. n. 2 wild animal
deorc adj. dark
dīere adj. dear, expensive; precious
dierne adj. secret, hidden
dohtor n. f. irreg daughter
dōm n. m. 1 law; judgement
dōn, (ġe-) v. irreg. do; make, cause; put; treat (someone) as
draca n. m. 4 dragon
drēam n. m. 1 music; joy; ecstasy
drēogan, (ġe-) v. s2 perform; endure, suffer
drēor n. m. 1 gore, blood
drīfan v. s1 drive
dryhten n. m. 1 lord
dugan v. pp be of use, serve; be fit, be strong
duguþ n. f. 3 band of warriors; prosperity, benefit
durran v. pp dare
duru n. f. 5 door
dysiġ adj. foolish
ēa n. f. irreg river
ēac adv. also, too
ēadiġ adj. happy, prosperous
ēaġe n. n. 4 eye
ēalā interj. alas!
eald adj. old
ealdor n. m. 1 lord, prince
ealdor n. 2 life; age, eternity
ealdormann n. n 6 ruler, nobleman
eall adj. all; each
eall adv. entirely
ealles adv. all, entirely
earfoþ n. n. 2 hardship, trouble; work
earm adj. poor, miserable
ēċe adj. eternal
eċġ n. f. 3 edge (of a tool or weapon)
efne adv. indeed; once
eft adv. again; back
eġe n. m. 1 fear
eġeslīċ adj. terrible
ellen n. m./n. 1/2 courage
ende n. m. 1 end, edge
enġel n. m. 1 angel
englisċ adj. English
ent n. m. 1 giant
eode v. vform went
eorl n. m. 1 nobleman, warrior
eorþe n. f. 4 earth
ēower adj. your (pl)
etan, (ġe-) v. s5 eat
fæder n. m. irreg. father
fǣġe adj. doomed
fæġer adj. beautiful, pleasant
fǣhþu n. f. irreg. feud
fǣmne n. f. 4 virgin, young woman
fæst adj. secure, fixed
fæste adv. firmly
fāh adj. decorated, shining
faran v. s6 go, travel; fare
feallan, (ġe-) v. s7 fall
feax n. n. 2 hair (of the head)
fela adj. many, much
fela pron. many, much
feoh n. n. 2 riches, money
feohtan, (ġe-) v. fight; get by fighting (with ġe-)
fēond n. m. 6 enemy
feor adj. far, distant
feor adv. long ago
feorh n. m./n. 1/2 life; living being
feorran adv. from far away
fēran v. w1 go, travel
fīf adj. five
findan v. s3 find; get
firen n. f. 3 crime, wickedness
flēogan v. s2 fly
flōd n. m. 1 water; tide
folc n. n. 2 people
fōn v. s7 catch, seize
for prep. for, because of, in place of
for þām adv. therefore
for þām (þe) conj. because
forġiefan v. s5 grant; forgive
forġieldan v. s3 pay for, repay
forhtian v. w2 be afraid
forlǣtan v. s7 leave, abandon; allow
forma adj. first
forst n. m. 1 frost
fram prep. from; by
frēa n. m. 4 lord; husband
fremde adj. strange; foreign
fremman, (ġe-) v. w1 perform, carry out, do
frēond n. m. 6 friend
friġnan, (ġe-) v. s3 ask, hear of
friþ n. n. 3 peace
frōfor n. f. 3 consolation, relief, comfort
fruma n. m. 4 beginning; prince
fugol n. m. 1 bird
ful adv. very, fully
fultum n. m. 1 help, support; army
furþum adv. even
fūs adj. eager
fȳr n. n. 2 fire
gafol n. n. 2 tribute
galan v. sing; cry, call
gān v. go
gangan, (ġe-) v. s7 go, walk
gāst n. m. 1 spirit; ghost; breath
ġe conj. and, both
ġē pron. you (pl.)
ġēar n. n. 2 year
ġeard n. m. 1 enclosure; yard, garden; court
ġearu adj. ready
ġebed n. n. 2 prayer
ġebēorsċipe n. m. 1 drinking party, feast
ġebētan v. w1 repair; cure
ġebiddan v. s5 pray; worship; request
ġecnāwan v. s7 perceive, understand; be familiar with
ġedwild n. n. 2 error; heresy
ġefēra n. m. 4 comrade
ġehwā pron. everyone; everything
ġehwelċ pron. each, every
ġelēafa n. m. 4 faith
ġelōme adv. often
ġemǣne adj. common, universal
ġemynd n. f. 3 memory
ġenōg adj. enough
ġeoguþ n. f. 3 youth; young person
ġeond prep. through; throughout
ġeong adj. young
ġeorn adj. eager
ġeorne adv. eagerly; thoroughly
ġereord n. n. 2 language; speech, voice
ġesib adj. related, familiar
ġesihþ n. f. 3 sight
ġesund adj. healthy
ġeweald n. n. 2 control
ġewinn n. n. 2 war; battle
ġewinnan v. s3 conquer, win
ġewītan v. s1 leave, depart
ġeþēode n. n. 2 language
ġiedd n. n. 2 story, song, poem
ġiefan v. s5 give
ġiefu n. f. 3 gift
ġieldan v. s3 pay; repay
ġielp n. m. 1 boast
ġierwan, (ġe-) v. w1 adorn; prepare
ġīese adv. yes
ġīet adv. still; (with negatives) yet; (with comparatives) even
ġif conj. if
gnornian v. w2 mourn; regret; complain
god n. m./n. 1/2 god; God
gōd adj. good
gōd n. n. 2 good
gold n. n. 2 gold
grǣdiġ adj. hungry; greedy
grētan, (ġe-) v. w1 greet; approach
griþ n. n. 2 truce, peace
habban v. w3 have
hǣlan v. w1 heal; save
hǣlend n. m. 1 healer, saviour
hæleþ n. m. 1 man, hero, warrior
hǣþen adj. pagan, heathen
hāl adj. healthy, intact; whole
hāliġ adj. holy
hām n. m. 1 home; village
hand n. f. 5 hand
hār adj. grey; grey-haired
hāt adj. hot
hātan, (ġe-) v. s7 call, name; be named; order, command
pron. he, it (for masculine nouns)
hēafod n. n. 2 head
hēah adj. high, tall
healdan, (ġe-) v. s7 hold, keep; protect
healf n. f. 3 half
heard adj. hard, stern
hearg n. m. 1 altar; sacred place; idol
helm n. m. 1 helmet; protection
hēo pron. she
heofon n. m. 1 heaven, sky
heorot n. m. 1 deer, stag
heorte n. f. 4 heart
hēr adv. here
here n. m. irreg. army (esp. of enemies)
hergian v. s2 pillage, plunder
hīe pron. they
hierde n. m. 1 herdsman; guardian
hit pron. it
hlǣw n. n. 2 mountain, hill; cave
hlāf n. m. 1 bread; loaf
hlāford n. m. 1 lord
hlēow n. n. 2 shelter
hlīsa n. m. 4 fame
holt n. n. 2 wood, woodland
hord n. n. 2 hoard
hraþe adv. quickly, soon
hreþer n. m./n. 1/2 breast, heart
conj. how; adv
hund n. m. 1 dog
hūru adv. certainly, indeed
hūs n. n. 2 house
hwā pron. who; anyone, someone
hwǣr adv. where; anywhere
hwæt interj. lo!
hwæt pron. what
hwæþer conj. whether
hwæþre adv. yet, however
hwelċ adj. some; someone, anyone; something, anything
hwelċ pron. which, what kind of
hweorfan, (ġe-) v. s3 turn; change
hwīl n. f. 3 while, period of time
hwīlum adv. sometimes; formerly
hyċġan v. w3 think; consider
hyht n. m. 1 hope
hȳran, (ġe-) v. w1 hear, listen to
prep. I
ielde n. mpl. 1i men
iermþu n. f. 3 poverty, misery
ierre n. n. 2 anger
ilca adj. the same
ilca pron. the same
in adv. inland
in prep. in; into
innan adv. within
inne adv. inside, within
is v. vform is
īsern n. n. 1 iron
interj. oh!
lāc n. n./f. 3/2 gift; play; battle
lǣdan, (ġe-) v. w1 lead, bring
lǣne adj. transitory, temporary
lǣran, (ġe-) v. w1 teach
lǣstan, (ġe-) v. w1 follow; perform, carry out
lǣtan v. s7 allow; cause
lāf n. f. irreg.? remains; legacy; widow
lagu n. f. 5 law
land n. n. 2 land
lang adj. long, long-lasting
lange adv. for a long time
lār n. f. 3 teaching
lāþ adj. loathsome, hateful, unpleasant
lēas adj. devoid of, free from
leax n. m. 1 salmon
lēode n. mpl. 1i people
lēof adj. dear, beloved
lēoht n. n. 2 light
leornian, (ġe-) v. w2 learn
lēoþ n. n. 2 poem; song
libban v. w3 live; remain
līċ n. n. 1 dead body, corpse
liċġan v. s5 lie; lie down
līchama n. m. 4 body
līf n. n. 2 life
limpan, (ġe-) v. s3 happen, befall
lof n. n. 2 praise
lōfġeorn adj. eager for praise
lufian v. w2 love
lufu n. f. 3 love
lyft n. f. 3 air; sky
lȳtel adj. little
n. n. indecl. more
mǣġ n. m. 1 kinsman
mæġden n. n. 2 maiden
mæġen n. n. 2 strength, power; army
mæġþ n. f. 3 family, nation; generation
mæġþ 6 girl, maiden
mǣre adj. famous
mǣrþ n. f. 3 fame, glory
magan v. pp can, be able
man pron. one
mān n. n. 2 crime
mancynn n. m. 1 mankind
maniġ adj. many
mann n. m. 6 person; humanity (in general)
maþm n. m. 1 precious object, treasure
mearc n. f. 3 boundary, limit; mark, sign
mearh n. m. 1 horse
medu n. m. 5 mead
meniġu n. f. 3 multitude
mere n. m. 1 lake, pool
miċel adj. big, great; much
miċele adv. much
mid prep. with; among
middanġeard n. m. 1 the world
miht n. f. 3 might, strength, power
mīl n. f. 3 mile
mīn adj. my
mōd n. n. 2 mind; courage; state of mind
mōdiġ adj. proud; reckless
mōdor n. f. irreg. mother
mōna n. m. 4 moon
mōr n. m. 1 moor
morgen n. n 2 morning; tomorrow
morþor n. n. 2 murder; crime
mōtan v. pp may, be allowed to
mund n. f. 3 hand; protection
mynster n. n. 2 monastery, cathedral
adv. not at all; never
nǣdre n. f. 4 snake
nǣfre adv. never
nǣniġ pron. none; no one
næss n. m. headland, promontory
nama n. m. 4 name
nān adj. no
ne adv. not
ne conj. neither, nor
nēah adj. near
nēah adv. nearby
nealles adv. not at all
neorxnawang n. m. 1 paradise, heaven
niht n. f. 6 night
niman, (ġe-) v. s4 take
nīþ n. m. 1 envy; hatred
adv. now
nytt n. f. 3 use, benefit
of prep. from; out of; by (i.e. done by)
ofer prep. across, over
offrian v. w2 offer
ofslēan v. s6 kill, slay
oft adv. often
on prep. on, in, at, among; to, into
onfōn v. s7 receive, accept; perceive
onġēan adv. back, again
onġēan prep. against, opposite
onġietan v. s5 see, perceive, understand; seize
onġinnan v. s3 begin; attempt
ord n. m. 1 point (of weapon); front, vanguard
prep. until, up to
oþ þæt conj. until
ōþer adj. other
ōþer pron. other one; the rest
oþþe conj. or
pæþ n. m. 1 path
penning n. m. 1 penny
prēost n. m. 1 priest
rǣd n. m. 1 advice; decision; plan
rǣdan v. s7/w1 read; advise
rēċan v. w1 care
rīċe adj. rich; powerful
rīċe n. n. 2 kingdom
rīdan v. s1 ride
riht, (ġe-) n. n. 2 law; what is right; privilege
rōd n. f. 3 cross
rodor n. m. 1 sky, heaven
rūn n. f. 3 mystery, secret
sacu n. f. 3 dispute, strife; crime
n. f. 3 sea
samod adv. together; at the same time
sār adj. sore
sāriġ adj. sorry
sāwol n. f. 3 soul
sċeadu n. f. 3 shadow; shade
sċealc n. m. 1 servant; man, soldier
sċēat n. m. 1 corner, angle; area, region
sċeatt n. m. 1 treasure, money; coin
sċēawian v. w2 watch, look at; examine
sċeþþan v. s6 injure, harm
sċieppan v. s6 create; shape
sċīnan v. s1 shine
sċip n. n. 2 ship
sċulan v. pp should, must, have to; will, shall
det. nm. that, the; which, who
sēċan, (ġe-) v. w1 look for, seek
seċġan, (ġe-) v. say, tell
self pron. oneself
sellan, (ġe-) v. w1 give, sell; betray
sendan, (ġe-) v. w1 send
seofon adj. seven
sēon, (ġe-) v. s5 see
sibb n. f. 3 kinship; peace
siġe n. m. 1 victory
simle adv. always, constantly
sind(on) v. vform are
singal adj. constant, perpetual
singan v. s3 sing
sittan, (ġe-) v. sit
sīþ n. m. 1 time (instance); journey
siþþan adv. afterwards; since; ago
conj. after, since
slēan, (ġe-) v. s6 hit, beat; slay; get by fighting (with ġe-)
smēaġan v. w2 consider; examine
sōna adv. immediately
sorg n. f. 3 worry; sorrow
sōþ n. n. 2 truth
sōþlīċe adv. truly; indeed; amen
spēd n. f. success
spell n. n. story; news
sprecan, (ġe-) v. s5 speak, talk
stān n. m. 1 stone
standan, (ġe-) v. s6 stand
stefn n. f. 3 voice
stōw n. f. 3 place
strǣl n. m./f. 1/3 arrow
sum adj. some; a certain
sum pron. some
sunne n. f. 4 sun
sunu n. m. 5 son
swā adv. thus, in that way; so, very
swā conj. as; while, when; so, with the result that; on condition that
swā hwæt (etc.) swā adv. whatever, (whoever, whenever, etc.)
swā swā conj. as, just as
swā þēah adv. nevertheless
swā... swā... adv. the ...-er, the ...-er; as... as...
sweart adj. black
swefn n. n. 2 dream
swelċ adj. such a, that kind of
swelċe adv. likewise; approximately
swelċe conj. as if
sweltan v. s3 die
sweord n. n. 2 sword
sweostor n. f. irreg. sister
sweotol adj. clear, distinct
swincan v. s3 toil, struggle
swīþe adv. very
symbel n. n. 2 feast
synn n. f. 3 sin
tellan, (ġe-) v. w1 count; tell
tēon v. s2 draw, drag, pull; bring, lead
tīd n. f. 3 time
til adj. good
tīr n. m. 1 fame, glory, honour
adv. too
prep. to, for, from, in, as
trēow n. f. 3 loyalty; grace; promise, covenant
trēow n. 2 tree
tūn n. m. 1 enclosure; homestead; town
tungol n. n. 2 star; planet
twēġen adj. two
twēo n. m. 4 doubt; ambiguity
ūhta n. m./f. 4 period just before dawn
uncūþ adj. unknown; unfamiliar, strange
under prep. under
unnan, (ġe-) v. pp grant, bestow; wish
ūp adv. up
ūre adj. our
ūt adv. out
uton misc. let's
wæl n. n. 2 slaughter, carnage
wæstm n. m. 1 fruit; result
wæter n. n. 2 water
pron. we
wealdan, (ġe-) v. s7 control; wield; rule
wealdend n. m. 1 ruler, lord
weall n. m. 1 wall
weallan v. s7 well up, boil over
weard n. m. 1 guard
weaxan, (ġe-) v. s7 grow
weġ n. m. 1 way, road
wel adv. well
wēn n. f. 3 expectation, likelihood
wēnan v. expect, believe
wendan, (ġe-) v. w1 change; turn; go
weorc n. n. 2 work
weorold n. f. 3 world
weorþan, (ġe-) v. s3 be; become; happen
weorþian, (ġe-) v. w2 honour, worship
wer n. m. 1 man, husband
werod n. n. 2 troop, company
wesan v. irreg. be
wīċ n. n. 2 village
wīde adv. widely
wīf n. n. 2 woman; wife
wīġend n. m. 1 warrior
wiht n. f./n. 2/3 thing; creature
willa n. m. 4 will, purpose, desire; pleasure
willan v. irreg. want
wilnian v. w2 desire; seek out
wind n. m. 1 wind
winnan v. s3 struggle, contend
winter n. m. 1 winter
wīs adj. wise
wīsdōm n. m. 1 wisdom
wita n. m. 4 wise person; advisor
witan, (ġe-) v. pp know, be aware of
wīte n. n. 2 punishment; penalty, fine
wiþ prep. with
wlanc adj. proud
wolcen n. n. 2 cloud; (in plural) heavens
word n. n. 2 word
wrāþ adj. angry; hostile
wrecan, (ġe-) v. s5 take revenge, avenge
wreċċa n. m. 4 exile, outcast
wrītan v. s1 write
wudu n. m. 5 wood; forest; tree
wuldor n. n. 2 glory
wund n. f. 3 wound
wundor n. n. 2 wonder, marvel, miracle
wunian, (ġe-) v. w2 live, dwell, stay
wynn n. f. 3 joy
wyrċan, (ġe-) v. w1 make, work, do
wyrd n. f. 3 fate; event
wyrm n. m. 1 worm; snake, dragon
wyrt n. f. 3 plant, herb
yfel adj. bad; evil
ymb prep. around; about
yrre n. n. 2 anger
ȳþ n. f. 3 wave (of water)
þā adv. then
þā conj. when
þā þā conj. when
þǣr adv. there
þǣr conj. where
þæs þe conj. after; because
þæt conj. that; so that
þæt det. nn./an. that; the
þætte conj. that; so that
þanc, (ġe-) n. m./n. 1/2 thought; thanks
þe rel. that, who, which
þēah adv. though, nevertheless
þēah conj. although
þēah þe conj. although, even if
þearf n. f. 3 need
þēaw n. m. 1 habit, custom
þeġn n. m. 1 servant; warrior
þenċan, (ġe-) v. w1 think of, imagine
þenden conj. while
þēod n. f. 3 nation
þēow n. m. 1 slave, servant
þes pron. this
þider adv. thither, to there
þīn adj. your (sg)
þing n. n. 2 thing; reason
þolian, (ġe-) v. w2 suffer, endure
þonne adv. then
þonne conj. when
þrīe adj. three
þrōwian v. w2 suffer, endure
þrymm n. m. 1 glory; force
þū pron. you (sg.)
þurfan v. pp need; be obliged
þurh prep. through; by means of
þus adv. thus
þūsend n. f./n./indecl. 3/2/0 thousand
þȳ adv. therefore
þynċan v. w1 seem (to someone)

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